Also known as the Bhartiya Shastriya Sangeet, the Hindustani Vocal Music is the classical music practice all across North India. The music was originated within Vedic ritual chants in the 12th century. During those days, Hindustani vocal music was only accessible to the elite section like a ruler, businessman, and administrative. But years later, two famous scholars and musicians N. Bhartkhande & V.D. Paluskar introduced the music to the rest of the society. The classification of the Hindustani vocal lies within parent scale and melodic modes, also known as “thaats”. Moreover, thaats comprises of seven scale swara or degree. The experts named the pitches by a system called Sargam.

The Hindustani classical music concepts:

Shruti, Swara, Alankar, Raga, Tala, Thaat, and Gharana.

The Generes – Hindustani Classical: Dhrupad, Dhamar, Khyal, Tarana, Sadra and


Thumri, Dadra, Qawwali, Ghazal, Bhajans (devotional), Chaiti, Kajri. The Thaats: Bilaval, Khamaj, Kafi, Asavari, Bhairav, Bhairavi, Todi, Purvi, Marwa, and Kalyan.

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